Everyone is concerned about healthy eating, but what does healthy food really mean? There are so many different ideas and food trends that it is difficult to know what to eat. A healthy diet is a diet that includes a variety of foods and contains enough vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates, healthy fats such as unsaturated vegetable oils, and enough water.
Protein is important for many body functions. You can get protein from meat, seafood, dairy products, eggs, beans and lentils, nuts, seeds and soy products. Most meat eaters get enough protein if they eat meat, eggs and seafood regularly, but vegetarians and especially vegans need to make sure they eat enough protein-rich vegetarian foods every day. If you eat meat, choose lean meats and organic meats that are free of pesticides, antibiotics and hormones.
Dairy products are good sources of calcium. Milk, yogurt, cheese and other dairy products also provide protein for vegetarians. Today there are many dairy alternatives that are suitable for vegans, such as almond milk, rice milk, soy milk and oat milk, and many of these are fortified with vitamins such as vitamin D or B-vitamins.
Fruits and Vegetables
Fresh fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet. A diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables, and contains a variety of fruits and vegetables, is also rich in nutrients and antioxidants. Choose different colored vegetables and fruits, from green leafy vegetables (such as spinach, kale and broccoli) to orange vegetables (carrots, peppers and oranges) and purple (such grapes, beetroot and red cabbage), and you will also get a variety of nutrients, vitamins and minerals in your daily diet.
A healthy diet is low in refined carbohydrates such as white flour and sugar. Healthy carbohydrates include whole grains: whole grain pasta, wholemeal bread, oatmeal, brown rice and quinoa that are also important sources of fiber.
Good nutrition is essential for staying healthy, preventing illness and keeping your ideal weight. A balanced diet is important for physical health but also for your energy levels and your mood. A healthy diet can include some snacks, some treats and even some foods that are considered unhealthy, but the main part of your eating plan should include foods from all the food groups and provide enough vitamins, minerals, protein and fiber. Drinking enough water is also important to stay hydrated and to keep your digestive system functioning.